The goal of surgery is to provide the necessary support for your pelvic organs, and mesh is used in an attempt to reduce the risk of recurrence of the prolapse. Mesh typically offers a longer-lasting repair when all goes well and is successful in at least 80% of the POP surgeries it is used in. What the patient must remember is that mesh is a synthetic material and becomes a permanent part of the body.
The mesh has tiny holes which allow the body’s own tissue to grow into it, providing the necessary support framework. Women undergoing the surgery may have either general or regional anesthesia; incisions are made by the surgeon inside the vagina, and the surrounding tissues are strengthened with stitches. The mesh will be placed under the vaginal skin, and the tissues of the body will grow into the mesh within 3-4 weeks which provides the reinforcement needed for the weakened tissues.