Havana Syndrome - Possible Mechanisms of the Attacks

Thank you to everyone for your overwhelming support of this litigation. Right now, we can ONLY accept cases from attacks that occurred in Cuba. We are still continuing our investigation into these attacks.

What are the Theories Regarding “Havana Syndrome"? - There is no consensus on the cause of Havana Syndrome. The Soviet Union researched the effects of pulsed radio frequency energy more than 50 years ago. This research was updated following the Havana Syndrome attacks but stopped just short of equating pulsed radio frequency energy with Havana Syndrome. It is widely believed by scientists that Havana Syndrome is caused by a directed-energy device or some sort of microwave weapon. Prior research by both the United States and the Soviet seems to back up this theory, or, at the very least, provides circumstantial support for such a mechanism.

More recently, members of Congress pushed the CIA to further investigate the cause of Havana Syndrome. President Biden has identified determining the cause of Havana Syndrome as a priority of his administration.  James Giordano, a professor of neurology and ethics at Georgetown University Medical Center was brought in as an advisor by the U.S. government in late 2016, following the Havana incident. Giordano has been involved in determining which countries were developing the technology associated with Havana Syndrome, and to what extent those goals were accomplished.  Giordano believes the work conducted in the former Soviet Union has since been taken up by Russia, and that China has also developed directed energy devices that “test the structure of various materials.”

In 2018, following the 2016 Havana incident, a second major wave of brain injuries among U.S. intelligence officers and diplomats occurred in China. Giordano believes microwave frequencies were used to disrupt brain functions. Giordano also stated that if his theory is correct, it would represent a state of “advancement and sophistication of these types of instruments that heretofore had not been thought to be possible.” The most plausible explanation for Havana Syndrome is that one of our adversaries has miniaturized and weaponized directed energy technology, allowing it to inflict significant tissue damage from a distance. Others believe that a weapon capable of inflicting brain injury from a distance would be unwieldy.

It has also been noted that the United States spent decades during the cold war and since attempting to build such a device with no confirmed success. Another U.S. authority on the subject, James Lin, says it would not necessarily take a large apparatus to focus enough energy on a specific area, causing a “thermoelastic pressure wave,” that can travel through the brain, damaging soft tissue. What many in the U.S. agree on is that Russia is behind the Havana attack, yet there is no compelling evidence to support this theory. There were reports of Russian military intelligence vehicles close to the scene of the Havana and China attacks, although it is not particularly unusual for the Russian military to tail United States officials.

DISCLAIMER: Statutes of Limitations limit the amount of time that an individual has to file a lawsuit, and not only vary from state to state, but also vary by cause of action. The information provided above and in the state-specific pages in this section is meant as a general guide, and is for informational purposes only. Each client’s case is unique, and the specific circumstances of any individual case can have significant bearing on the applicable statute of limitations. Any person who believes they may have a viable cause of action is strongly encouraged to consult with an attorney about the statute of limitations for his or her case. Attorney Andrew Sullo is licensed to practice law in Texas, and can prosecute cases that are part of a federal multi-district litigation. Andrew Sullo does not practice law in any other state, and is not certified by the Boards of Legal Specialization in any state. Not all states have board certifications. This information is not intended to solicit clients for matters outside of the State of Texas. Our firm is not accepting cases in any state where it would be impermissible for it to do so. Sullo & Sullo, LLP maintains its principal office in Houston, Texas.

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